Corelab Seminar

Andreas Göbel
Zeros and approximations of Holant polynomials on the complex plane

We present fully polynomial approximation schemes for a broad class of Holant problems with complex edge weights, which we call Holant polynomials. We transform these problems into partition functions of abstract combinatorial structures known as polymers in statistical physics. Our method involves establishing zero-free regions for the partition functions of polymer models and using the most significant terms of the cluster expansion to approximate them.
Results of our technique include new approximation and sampling algorithms for a diverse class of Holant polynomials in the low-temperature regime and approximation algorithms for general Holant problems with small signature weights. Additionally, we give randomised approximation and sampling algorithms with faster running times for more restrictive classes.